Il Jiangxi (江西省) è una provincia meridionale della Repubblica Popolare Cinese, che si stende dalle rive del fiume Azzurro (fiume Yangtze) a nord fino a delle zone collinose al sud. Il nome della provincia non significa “a ovest del fiume Azzurro” come implicherebbero in maniera letterale i caratteri cinesi del nome, ma esso deriva da “Jiangnan Xi” (江南西; “Ovest di Jiangnan”, o più letteralmente, “l’ovest del sud del fiume Azzurro”). Il nome fu coniato quando il circuito del Jiangnan (“sud del fiume Azzurro”) fu diviso in una parte orientale e una occidentale durante la dinastia Tang.

SUPERFICIE: 166.900 kmq

POPOLAZIONE: 45 milioni

CAPITALE: Nanchang

PRINCIPALI CITTA’: Nanchang, Jingdezhen, Pingxiang, Jiujiang, Xinyu, Yingtan, Ganzhou, Shangrao, Yichun, Fuzhou, Ji’an.


Il parco nazionale del Lushan (庐山第四纪冰川国家地质公园, letteralmente “geoparco nazionale della glaciazione quaternaria del Lushan”) è un parco nazionale che si trova sul Monte Lushan, nella provincia di Jiangxi, in Cina. Si estende su di una superficie di 500 chilometri quadrati. Nel parco, caratterizzato da splendidi paesaggi e molto frequentato dagli stessi turisti cinesi, si trovano notevoli sollevamenti geologici risalenti all’era Quaternaria; sono inoltre presenti alcuni templi buddhisti e taoisti. Nel 1996 il parco è stato inserito nell’elenco dei Patrimoni dell’umanità dell’UNESCO.


Il Monte Sanqing (三清山), o Monte San Qing, è una famosa montagna taoista situata 80 chilometri a nord di Yushan. San Qing significa letteralmente ‘tre diversi’ in cinese, ed indica il fatto che il monte San Qing è formato da tre cime: “monte Yujing”, “monte Yushui” e “monte Yuhua”. Uno slogan cinese “三峰峻拔、如三清列坐其巅” (“tre picchi scoscesi, come i Tre Puri che siedono sulle cime”) spiega perché abbia preso il nome di San Qing. Tra le tre cime, la più alta è Yujing (1.817 metri sul livello del mare). Ospita circa 1000 specie di flora ed 800 tipi di fauna. L’area complessiva è di 2200 kmq. Nel 2008 è stato inserito tra i patrimoni dell’umanità dell’UNESCO.


I monti Jinggang (井冈, letteralmente: «montagne dei beni delle vette») si trovano sui monti Luoxiao, in una regione di confine che si estende tra la provincia del Jiangxi e quella dello Hunan in Cina.  I monti Jinggang sono noti per essere il luogo di nascita dell’Esercito Popolare di Liberazione e la “Culla della Rivoluzione Cinese”. Dopo che il Guomintang si rivoltò contro il partito comunista durante il massacro di Shanghai nel 1927, i comunisti divennero clandestini e si rifugiarono nelle campagne. In seguito all’Insurrezione del raccolto d’autunno a Changsha, Mao Zedong condusse i suoi mille uomini rimasti sui monti Jinggang, ove stabilì il suo primo soviet contadino.


L’antico villaggio di Huangling (篁岭) ha quasi 600 anni di storia e si trova nella contea di Wuyuan, considerata tra le più belle zone di campagna in Cina. Questo caratteristico borgo è custode di un’antica e affascinante tradizione legata alla civiltà contadina, chiamata shaiqiu (晒秋): ovvero, l’essiccazione al sole di alcuni prodotti agricoli (in particolare, peperoncini, fiori di colza, mais, soia e crisantemi) che comincia il primo giorno d’autunno del calendario cinese. 


La contea di Wuyuan (婺源县) nasce nel 740 d.C. in epoca Tang (618-907) ed è famosa in Cina per i suoi splendidi paesaggi di campagna, soprattutto in primavera, quando la colza fiorisce e i campi si colorano di un giallo brillante. Anche l’Autunno regala grandi sorprese, quando i contadini mettono ad asciugare al sole i propri raccolti (vd.Huangling). Ma la contea di Wuyuan è anche la patria di alcune delle architetture antiche meglio conservate in Cina: il cosidetto stile Huizhou¹(徽州), detto anche Hui, di cui la contea rappresenta uno dei cuori pulsanti con i suoi villaggi e le tipiche abitazioni costruite tra il XIV e il XVII secolo dai ricchi mercanti di Huizhou, che reinvestivano i loro guadagni nella costruzioni di sale ancestrali e di grandi case con mura esterne imbiancate a calce, in contrasto cromatico con le tegole scure dei tetti a doppio spiovente e gli interni in legno.


Jingdezhen (景德镇), città del nord della provincia dello Jiangxi, è stata e rimane ancora la capitale mondiale della porcellana. Già sotto la Dinastia Tang, si diceva di Jingdezhen, che la città era invasa da “forni che collegano un villaggio all’altro, stufe accese ovunque”. Sotto la dinastia mongola di Yuan, la prima porcellana bianca e blu, trovata nelle tombe datate dal 1319 al 1336, veniva per la maggior parte da Jingdezhen.


Il Padiglione del Principe Teng (滕王阁) è un edificio alto 60 metri che si trova nel nord-ovest della città di Nanchang, capitale dello Jiangxi. Il Padiglione fu costruito per la prima volta nel 653 d.C. durante la dinastia Tang, e da allora è stato ricostruito 26 volte (l’ultima struttura è del 1989).


Nanchang, capitale dello Jiangxi, ha oltre 2 mila anni di storia essendo stata fondata in epoca Han. La città è stata importante anche in tempi moderni in quanto sede della rivolta (1° agosto 1927 ) guidata dal capo comunista Zhou Enlai che avrebbe portato molti anni più tardi alla fondazione della Repubblica Popolare Cinese. Per questo motivo vi sono diversi luoghi turistici interessanti legati a quel periodo storico, a cominciare dal Museo della Rivoluzione.


Il Monte Longhu (龙虎山, letteralmente: “Dragon Tiger Mountain”), si trova nel Jiangxi. E’ famosa per essere una delle culle del Taoismo, con molti templi taoisti edificati sopra il fianco di una montagna.


Il lago Poyang è il più grande lago d’acqua dolce della Cina. Il lago si trova nella provincia dello Jiangxi ed ha una superficie cha va dai 1000 km² nella stagione secca agli oltre 4400 km² nella stagione umida. Con una profondità media di 8,4 m il lago Poyang è alimentato da 5 fiumi, i due principali sono il fiume Gan e lo Xiu.

Though Jiujiang has a strong transportation network and industrial base, foreign investment has just started to take off in the city.Jiujiang, whose name means “nine rivers” in Chinese, is situated in northern Jiangxi in central China. To the south of this picturesque city lies the famous Lushan Mountain; to the east is Poyang Lake, China’s largest freshwater lake and a major tributary of the Yangzi River. As of 2010, Jiujiang had a population of 4.8 million, roughly 600,000 of whom lived in the city proper (see Jiujiang at a Glance).

As the only Yangzi port in Jiangxi, Jiujiang was an important military town for centuries. China’s Communist leaders gathered in Jiujiang to plot the Nanchang uprising against the ruling Nationalist party on August 1, 1927, which is regarded as the founding date of the People’s Liberation Army. Jiujiang was also an important commercial port and a center for tea and rice trading. Its cereals market remains an important national reference for rice prices.

Jiujiang stands out as one of the most attractive, ambitious, and vibrant port cities along the Yangzi. And with a strong local government presence, Jiujiang has the feel of a provincial capital, though Nanchang holds that position in Jiangxi.

Economy and investment

Jiujiang’s economy has taken off in recent years, in part because of increased foreign investment. Jiujiang’s gross domestic product for 2010 reached ¥103.2 billion ($15.7 billion), an increase of 14.3 percent year on year, surpassing the government’s annual target of ¥97 billion ($14.7 billion). According to the Statistical Bureau of Jiujiang, the average per capita disposable income for the first nine months of 2010 for urban dwellers hit ¥13,248 ($2,009), up 10.5 percent year on year, and the average per capita net income for rural dwellers reached ¥3,912 ($594), up 13.4 percent.

The city’s utilized foreign investment reached $665.4 million in 2010, roughly one-third greater than in the same period of 2009. Jiujiang’s exports nearly tripled to $843 million in the first nine months of 2010. Leading multinational corporations (MNCs) with a presence in the city include the United States’ Cabot Corp., Japan’s Itochu Corp., Suzuki Motor Corp., and Toshiba Corp., and France’s Total SA. Significant domestic businesses include Tsinghua Tongfang Co., Ltd., China Petroleum and Chemical Corp. (Sinopec), and China Minmetals Corp.

Despite Jiujiang’s extensive transport network and traditional industrial base, local investment officials say that few MNCs have invested in the city in recent years, partly because of its low international profile.

Diversified industrial base

Jiujiang has a diversified industrial base, with light industry, mining, petrochemicals, shipbuilding, and textiles as its major sectors. The surrounding area has significant antimony, copper, fluorite, gold, and tin reserves. China Minmetals, one of the largest state-owned enterprises in Jiujiang, has a white tungsten processing base. Tourism is also important. The famous Lushan Mountain Resort is just over an hour away by car.

Energy

Jiangxi is famous for its rich uranium resources, which account for one-third of China’s total uranium deposits. Senior officials from the Jiangxi Provincial Development and Reform Commission have confirmed that construction of the ¥105 billion ($15.9 billion) Jiujiang Pengze Nuclear Power Plant will start in the first half of 2011. Situated about 80 km from downtown Jiujiang, Pengze will be the first of six nuclear plants that the government plans to build across the province.

Jiujiang receives its natural gas through pipes from Xinjiang and Sichuan, and the city has three wind power farms near Poyang Lake. Coal-fired power plants are still the dominant source of electricity, however. In 2010 the city imported 50 million tons of coal from Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, and other provinces, and the figure is expected to rise to 80 million tons by the end of 2015. In anticipation of a rapid increase in industrial demand for energy and to better serve coal-fired power plants in the region, the local government approved a plan to build a coal-mixing center at the port with an annual handling capacity of 20 million tons, according to senior managers at Shanghai International Port Group Jiujiang Port Service Co., Ltd.

Chemicals

Most of Jiujiang’s recent investment has been in the chemical and petrochemical sectors. China Bluestar International Chemical Co., Ltd. acquired Xinghuo Organosilicon Plant in 1996. (Organosilicon compounds are used in certain types of paint, plastics, and electrical insulation.) In 2007, the new organosilicon plant went into full operation, doubling its annual capacity to 200,000 tons. Two years later, Bluestar started an ¥8 billion ($1.2 billion) upgrading and expansion project that will further increase its annual organosilicon capacity to 700,000 tons, making Xinghuo the world’s largest organo-silicon production base.

Bluestar also has a joint venture (JV) plant with Cabot, located in Xinghuo Industrial Park in Yongxiu County. The plant, which started operations in 2006, makes fumed silica, an advanced chemical product used in the auto and construction sectors. In January 2010, Bluestar and Cabot agreed to expand the JV’s production and triple annual capacity from 5,000 tons to 15,000 tons by 2011.

Situated in the eastern suburbs of the city, Sinopec Jiujiang Co. is the only large-scale petrochemicals enterprise in Jiangxi. It includes a refinery, fertilizer and chemical plants, and new coking and hydrofining installations. The fertilizer plants are among the most technologically advanced in China. The company processed 6.5 million tons of crude oil in 2009. In December 2009, the Jiangxi provincial government and Sinopec agreed to upgrade and expand the plant’s oil processing capacity from 5 million tons to 8-10 million tons in three to five years.

Autos

Suzuki and Chinese minibus maker Jiangxi Changhe Automobile LLC moved their JV’s headquarters from Jingdezhen, Jiangxi, to Jiujiang in January 2009. Changhe has a controlling stake, while Suzuki holds 49 percent of the $312 million JV. Jiangxi Changhe Suzuki Automobile Co., Ltd. had already been operating an engine plant in Jiujiang since 2005. The plant makes fuel-efficient 1.4-liter engines, developed by Suzuki, for the “Wagon R Wide” car for the China market. According to company officials, production during the first phase of the expanded venture is 75,000 units a year, and the JV expects capacity to reach 300,000 units by 2012. In December 2008, as part of its efforts to improve efficiency, the JV also moved production of its Freedom-brand mini trucks from Hefei, Anhui, to Jiujiang. Preparation work is also underway to assemble a new Suzuki model called “Splash.”

Consumer electronics

Though Jiujiang has attracted few MNCs in general, last year it saw a boost in foreign investment. Canon Inc.’s Taiwan operation, the world’s largest digital camera original equipment manufacturer, invested $150 million in a major production facility in the Jiujiang Export Processing Zone. The facility manufactures cameras for Casio Computer Co., Ltd., Olympus Corp., and Sony Corp.

Leading investment zones

Jiujiang has 13 industrial parks and zones, which are headed by the Jiujiang Economic and Technological Development Zone (ETDZ), the largest of Jiujiang’s development zones, and Xinghuo Industrial Park.

Jiujiang ETDZ, founded in 1992 and upgraded to national-level status in March 2010, is located in the southwest suburbs of the city, about 9 km from the downtown area, on the south bank of the Yangzi and close to the port. The 150 km2 ETDZ has four pillar industries: auto and auto spare parts, led by Changhe Suzuki; new materials, led by Jushi Group Co., Ltd., Asia’s top fiberglass producer; new energy, represented by Jiangxi Sornid Hi-Tech Co., Ltd., one of China’s major multi-crystalline silicon producers; and electronics, led by Canon.

The national Jiujiang Export Processing Zone, the only one of its kind in Jiangxi, is located in the ETDZ. As of November 2010, the zone was home to 61 enterprises, including China’s leading juice producer, China Huiyuan Juice Group, Ltd.

Established in 2000, Xinghuo Industrial Park mainly engages in the manufacture and research and development of organosilicon products. Currently, 2 km2 of the park are being used out of a planned total of 10 km2. The park, which aims to become a world-class manufacturing base for silicon products, hosts the Xinghuo Organosilicon Plant.

The Jiangxi provincial government aims to establish a national production center for mobile phones in Gongqingcheng (Youth City), a suburb of Jiujiang on the banks of Poyang Lake. According to media reports, a recent industrial conference hosted by the provincial government attracted 10 domestic projects worth a total contractual value of ¥2.8 billion ($425 million). More than 50 mobile phone manufacturers from Shenzhen, Guangdong, immediately set out on a fact-finding mission and several new mobile phone projects are being negotiated as a result of the conference.

Transport network

Jiujiang is to the Beijing-Kowloon Railway what Wuhan, Hubei, is to the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway: the half-way point on one of China’s most important north-south trunklines. An intercity express rail link between Jiujiang and Nanchang opened in September 2010, with trains on the 135 km line running at a top speed of 180 km per hour. Jiujiang’s rail network also extends to Ma’anshan, Anhui.

Linking Guangdong to Gansu, the Beijing-Zhuhai and Fuzhou-Lanzhou national highways pass through Jiujiang, and the city is connected by expressway to Jingdezhen and Nanchang. The Daqing-Guangzhou (linking Heilongjiang to Guangdong) and Hangzhou-Ruili (linking Zhejiang to Yunnan) expressways, both of which are under construction, will also pass through the city.

Construction began in October 2009 on a new Yangzi River bridge. The six-lane bridge, which will be completed in three years, will connect Jiujiang with Huangmei County in Hubei.

Jiujiang airport is only 10 km from the popular tourist attraction of Lushan Mountain. Though the airport was closed for about half of its first 10 years after opening because of low traffic levels, it reopened in 2006 and offers daily flights to Beijing and Shanghai. The nearest alternative airport is two hours away in Nanchang, which serves many more cities, including Hong Kong.

Jiangxi’s vast network of inland waterways includes 56 ports of various sizes, among which Jiujiang stands out as the most important. Situated at the point where the Beijing-Jiujiang Railway meets the Yangzi, Jiujiang is one of five national hub ports along the river and one of China’s 13 main ports for coal transhipment. Shipping lines—including AP Moller-Maersk A/S; China Cosco Holdings Co. Ltd.; China Shipping (Group) Co.; MSC Mediterranean Shipping Co. SA; Sinokor Merchant Marine (China) Co., Ltd.; and Sinotrans, Ltd.—offer regular container services from Jiujiang port to destinations such as Hong Kong, Japan, and countries in Southeast Asia. In recent years, an increasing number of domestic and foreign shipping lines have set up offices in Jiujiang, which hosts 20 freight forwarders and shipping agents in the city. The port operates more than 20 international routes.

Jiujiang’s rapid growth attracted the attention of Shanghai International Port (Group) Co., Ltd. (SIPG), by far the largest investor in Yangzi ports. SIPG injected ¥550 million ($83 million) in 2008 for a 92 percent equity stake in the Jiujiang port, with the remaining shares held by the Jiujiang State-Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission. Today, SIPG Jiujiang Port Group handles about one-third of the city’s entire cargo volume; the remainder is handled by small operators and privately owned terminals.

Human resources

Jiujiang has a general shortage of workers in the city, but the local government says it helps investors address this problem by recruiting workers in and outside the city. Jiujiang University, the city’s main university, has an enrollment of more than 30,000 full-time students, according to the university. Though Jiujiang is not known for its educational institutions, Nanchang, which is less than an hour away by train, has several universities and colleges.

Jiujiang’s future

Jiujiang is trying to attract companies from the auto and auto parts, electronics, new-energy, and new-materials sectors. In addition, the city offers opportunities to invest in the tourism sector. For example, the city has no international five-star hotels.

Foreign-invested enterprises praise the city’s strong local government support for foreign companies, relatively low levels of pollution, and pleasant surroundings of Jiujiang. The city still lacks a critical mass of foreign-invested enterprises, so expatriate family life is limited, however. Furthermore, local government officials admit that the city lacks a clear strategy on how to balance attracting industry and protecting the environment. Each of Jiujiang’s districts, for example, pursues its own industrial plans, which may not be aligned with the municipal government’s desire to preserve the city’s natural beauty and historical heritage.

Case Study: Sateri’s Jiujiang Fiber Mill

Sateri International (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.’s fiber mill in Jiujiang, Jiangxi, is striving to improve the reliability of its supply chains in this third-tier city. Sateri, a subsidiary of Singapore’s Royal Golden Pte. Ltd., operates a wholly foreign-owned viscose fiber mill in Jiujiang. With a production capacity of more than 130,000 tons a year, the mill supplies customers in the textile and non-woven hygiene products industries. Viscose fibers are used in home and hospital products, such as baby wipes and surgical facial masks.

Sateri decided to locate its China viscose fiber mill operations in Jiujiang because of the city’s strong transportation links. The plant is close to the Yangzi River and about 20 km from the city’s downtown.

The fiber mill imports dissolving pulp from Brazil via Shanghai. Sateri sources other raw materials, including chemicals such as sulfuric acid, in China. For example, the mill sources sodium hydroxide from Yichang, Hubei. Sateri sells its finished products domestically in Guangdong, Hubei, Jiangsu, Shandong, and Zhejiang; its major export markets are Europe and Southeast Asia.

Sateri has a private terminal on Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China and a major Yangzi tributary. The company plans to expand the terminal’s capacity to handle dangerous goods, which will allow Sateri to expand and export more goods from Jiujiang.

The fiber mill imports roughly 110,000 tons of coal annually to use in the production process. Most of the coal comes from Sichuan but, according to local ship operators, the river journey can take up to 14 days because of fluctuating water levels downstream from the Three Gorges Dam. The company aims to find new sources of quality coal that can be delivered more reliably. Sateri purchases coal from Shanxi from traders in the port city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei, and has it delivered to the plant via the sea and then the Yangzi.

Though Sateri remains happy with its original decision to locate in Jiujiang because of its good transport links, the company devotes considerable resources to developing its logistical infrastructure and improving its supply chains.

—David Lammie

NANCHANG, ChinaJune 9, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — On June 1 and June 5, the “Discovering Unique Jiangxi” tourism promotion event was held in Frankfurt, Germany and Prague, Czech Republic respectively. The event sent a sincere invitation to European tourists, travel market players and investors to let more European tourists know about Jiangxi and long for a visit there, according to Jiangxi Tourism Development Commission.

 

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A delegation of business executives and investors from the Jiangxi Province, China, will soon visit Ghana to explore the potentials and business opportunities in the Northern Region.

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NANCHANG, June 19 (Xinhua) — Archaeologists have discovered a city dating back to the Ming Dynasty (1384-1644) in east China’s Jiangxi Province. Continua a leggere

MILANO, 19 GIUGNO – Il pugliese Riccardo Di Matteo, e’ stato nominato dal presidente della Camera di Commercio della Provincia di Jiangxi in Italia il senatore della Repubblica  Popolare Cinese Zhu Yuhua, nuovo vicepresidente Italia con delega a promuovere le imprese italiane in un padiglione dedicato a Expo Pechino 2019. Ne da notizia un comunicato della camera di commercio. Continua a leggere